- Fill your settleometer with 25 - 50% MLSS taken from the aeration basin. Make sure you mix the sample first to ensure you have solids all suspended.
- Use effluent or tap water to fill the settleometer. Again mix the MLSS/Water blend to suspend the solids.
- Start 30 minute timer. Note sludge level at time 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, & 30. Adjust dilution to have SV30 settled solids reading between 150 - 300 ml on the settleometer. After settling, note floating solids and pin-floc in the supernatant. You should also let the solids continue to compact for 2 - 4 hours. Evaluating the compacting solids gives information about how concentrated the RAS solids will become in the secondary clarifier.
- For reporting purposes and SVI calculations, remember to multiply by your dilution factor.
When you have MLSS above 5,000 mg/L, SV30 tests often have solids with a very narrow band of supernatant. This can make it difficult to diagnose problems with pin floc, settling velocity, and compaction. If you see the water phase of less than 20% of the settleometer, the diluted SV30 test may prove useful. Here is how to run a diluted SV30:
Most of the work on Aerobic Granular Sludge (AGS) has been either with synthetic wastewater (lab studies) or in domestic wastewater installations. In these cases, the AGS forms into irregular but tight granules that settle rapidly. AGS has great potential because:
The authors created an excellent graphical abstract for evaluation of AGS appearance with different influents.
Pronk, M., Abbas, B., Al-zuhairy, S.H.K. et al. Effect and behaviour of different substrates in relation to the formation of aerobic granular sludge. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99, 5257–5268 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-014-6358-3
Erik Rumbaugh has been involved in biological waste treatment for over 20 years. He has worked with industrial and municipal wastewater facilities to ensure optimal performance of their treatment systems. He is a founder of Aster Bio (www.asterbio.com) specializing in biological waste treatment.
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