- Protection from the external environment including pH swings, dehydration, predators, and toxic compounds.
- Storage of excess organic compounds or particulate organics for later use by the microbes
- Accumulate and store valuable macronutrients & micronutrients such as phosphate and trace metals.
As microbial cells develop into floc or biofilm, they are bound tegether by Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPS). Consisting of a mixture of polysaccharides, proteins, enzymes, and DNA, EPS provides several benefits to the microbial community:
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