Filamentous form microorganisms form an important part of biofilm/floc ecology, yet are usually universally derided for their tendency to not settle/compact when in overabundance. The filamentous organism has more surface area per unit volume relative to floc forming organisms. This gives the filamentous bacteria its unique strengths yet also is the root of the bulking problem.
First - let's mention the good things about filamentous bacteria:
Erik Rumbaugh has been involved in biological waste treatment for over 20 years. He has worked with industrial and municipal wastewater facilities to ensure optimal performance of their treatment systems. He is a founder of Aster Bio (www.asterbio.com) specializing in biological waste treatment.
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