- What microorganisms are present - we can classify using temperature, pH, oxygen, redox potential, nutrients, organic compounds, and numerous other information to determine the general microbial populations.
- What metabolic reactions could the existing microbes carryout.
- What metabolic reactions are actually occurring in the system.
- How do the microbes interact with each other and the surrounding environment.
In a waste treatment system, or even a diverse natural environment, microorganisms are found in a mixed community with genetic variability and ecological niches. With respect to waste treatment, we can explain treatment efficiency and outcomes of changes based on our general understanding of the underlying microbial ecology. To understand the system's ecology, you must know the following:
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